KAHIKINUI, MAUI

KOOK Board and DHHL approve right of entry for Kia Hawaii (for-profit corporation) animal eradication; wild meat to market project, currently operating in the forest reserve, Kahikinui Mauka. Subsequently blocking native tenant access and gathering rights.

KOOK Board and DHHL approve right of entry for American Electric (for-profit corporation); 15 windmill project intended for Kahikinui Makai with installation over the next few years.

HISTORY OF KAHIKINUI provided by KGLMO

KAHIKINUI  GAME & LAND MANAGEMENT OHANA’s support for DHHL, Ka ‘Ohana O Kahikinui & L.I.F.E. goals of forest management & resettlement by Native Hawaiians of the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui

To provide important facts about management of the Kahikinui Forest Reserve (Forest) for homesteaders, stakeholders and everyone who cares about the safeguarding of the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui. 

DHHL/L.I.F.E./KGLMO History with Kahikiknui & the Forest

The Kahikinui Game & Land Management Ohana (KGLMO) was established at the same time that the State of Hawai’i Dept. of Land & Natural Resources (DLNR) returned the responsibility for the management, safeguarding and restoration of the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui and the Kahikinui Forest Reserve (Forest) to the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands (DHHL), back in 1994. 

The reason for the return of the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui to DHHL management was to help DHHL to fulfill its responsibility to the native Hawaiian people for the preservation of Hawaiian Homes Lands, for their benefit, as provided for under the US Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1920  (the Act), passed by the US Congress.  The Act was the result of Prince Jonah Kohio Kohiokalaniana’ole’s heroic efforts to get the US Congress to pass a law to set aside former Hawaiian Crown lands (ceded lands) to be made available for homesteads for native Hawaiians.  This effort also included a desire to maintain native Hawaiian traditional ties to the land and to assist in the preservation of Hawaiian culture. The Act created the Hawaiian Homes Commission and required that it hold and manage the Crown Lands transferred to its control in trust for the benefit of native Hawaiian people.  The Act specifically states these to be its goals.  

Up until State-hood, in 1959, the lands set aside to the Hawaiian Homes Commission (HHC) under the Act were managed by the DLNR.  The ownership of these lands was taken over by DHHL after State-hood when Hawaii became a State of the United States.  Before State-hood, HHC, created by the Act, was an agency of the US Federal Government.  After State-hood, HHC/DHHL became an agency of the new, State of Hawaii.  It faced a number of challenges, including the fact that Hawaii law did not require the State Legislature to provide funding for it to carry out its trust responsibilities to the native Hawaiian people.  Probably, because HHC lacked reliable funding sources, DLNR continued to manage these lands until 1994.  In the State of Hawaii Constitutional Convention of 1978 the State Constitution was amended to require the State Legislature to provide funding for DHHL; however, the actual amount required to be provided remains, to this day, unclear.  The recent Hawaii Supreme Court case of Nelson v. Hawaiian Homes Commission has attempted to clarify the amounts to be provided, but specific amounts the Legislature is require to provide remain unclear.  

Then, in 1994, the responsibility for management of the Auhpua’a of Kahikinui was finally given over to DHHL, the agency, actually designated to hold these lands in trust for the native Hawaiian people.  It acted to carry out its responsibilities to the beneficiaries under the Act, many years after it was enacted in 1920 by the US Congress.  Under the Act, DHHL owes a fiduciary (a duty of very high care to ensure that the intended benefits go to the beneficiaries, the native Hawaiian people) over these lands which it holds, in trust, for the benefit of native Hawaiians.

In order to carry out its responsibilities under the Act, DHHL, probably because it did not, itself, have the resources to effectively manage these lands; and, because DLNR would no longer assume this responsibility, DHHL decided to propose a plan under which representatives of the native Hawaii community would themselves accept the responsibility to care for these lands.  It attempted to accomplish this by proposing a “Kahikini forest Reserve Community Management Conceptual Plan” (the Plan) to be prepared by a group called the “Kahikinui Forest Partnership Working Group” (the Working Group).   

The Plan, provided for the creation of a “non-profit” Community Corporation the purpose of which would be to take over the responsibility of DHHL to manage the restoration and protection of the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui, and carry out the intentions and goals set out in the Plan.  The Act actually placed this responsibility upon DHHL, as trustees for the beneficiaries, the native Hawaiian people.  That is, this is actually the responsibility of DHHL under the Act.   

In any case, eventually, Living Indigenous Forest Ecosystems (L.I.F.E.) formed a non-profit corporation, pursuant to the recommendations in the Plan, and received the lease from DHHL to carry out the Plan of the Working Group, as provided in the Plan.  Under paragraph VII., B., 7 of the Plan, KGLMO, working together with L.I.F.E., was organized to be the “game management club” which is designated in the Plan, to be the responsible community organization for all hunting in the Forest.  Specifically, paragraph VII., B.,7 of the Plan provides:  “All hunting within the Kahikinui Forest Reserve shall be conducted under the auspices of the club.”  The members of KGLMO have accepted this responsibility and have faithfully worked with L.I.F.E. and other community organizations to carry out these responsibilities, since 1994.

As a result, it has been the efforts L.I.F.E., supported by KGLMO, as the identified hunting club, nits Plan, back in 1994.  It is the voluntary, not-for-profit work of these community organizations and individuals that have protected the Forest and helped to achieve the goal restoration of the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui, described in the Plan, for the benefit of the native Hawaii beneficiaries.    

The Plan set a goal to resettle the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui by native Hawaiians and to “revive” the involvement of these homesteader/stakeholders in the management of the Forest.   As mentioned above, an important reason for encouraging homesteader and community organization involvement in achieving the goals of the Plan was that DHHL does not have the resources to care for the Forest.  

Therefore, it was essential that Maui volunteer community organizations and persons step forward and assume the responsibilities of protecting the Forest and achieving the goals set forth in the Plan, using their own financial resources.  The ultimate goal was to resettle the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui and to restore it to the grandeur and natural splendor it once held.  This an enormous challenge, but to their great and everlasting credit volunteer members of Maui community organizations accepted this challenge!

The Kahikinui Forest Reserve is 7,500 acres of land.  The total land area of the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui, including the Forest, is 22,809 acres.  This is about 10% of the land DHHL is responsible for managing in Hawaii under the Act.  Archeological evidence shows that pre-contact Kahikinui was able to sustain a population of approximately 8,000 Hawaiians.  The mission, then, of the stakeholders, community organizations and other persons, together with support and guidance from L.I.F.E. and DHHL, has been, and is, to unite all native Hawaiians and others to bring the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui back to its former natural splendor and to protect its forests, Heiau, Ahu and Kanu’ana, in order that Na Kanaka Maoli can once again live on this unique and beautiful land in harmony, peace and balance, with Pono.

KGLMO was an original “stakeholder” of the Kahikinui Forest Partnership Working Group as the hunting club described in the PlanKGLMO has worked as a “stakeholder” together with/under the efforts of L.I.F.E. and other organizations and persons, since 1994.  KGLMO is made up currently of 58 Maui resident members.  KGLMO members are not-for-profit Maui volunteers who are committed to helping to achieve the Plan goals of caring for the Forest and supporting the return of self-sufficient Hawaiians living on the great Ahupua’a of Kahikinui.  As described below, KGLMO members have provided a great deal of labor and value to help reach these goals.

KGLMO Contribution to Security and Safety in the Forest

In many ways, KGLMO has acted as the primary caretaker and provided the primary security for the Forest of the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui for almost a quarter century, beginning back in 1994. 

Maintaining the security of the Forest is very important, especially because of the limited resources DHHL can devote to the Forest.  It is well known that the Forest is subject to trespass by unauthorized persons who use, but who do not care about, the Forest.  There have been bikers, hunting poachers, over-browsing by cattle, goats and pigs and vandalism in the Forest. For example, unauthorized persons hunting in the Forest with high powered rifles present a clear-and-present danger to the life and property of all others using the Forest with permission, as well as to the wellbeing of the homesteaders and their families.  In order to help promote security, KGLMO constructed a very strong gate structure in order to secure access.  This gate helps to restrict access to only authorized persons and helps ensure the safety of all users.  The gate has protected access to the Forest since 1994. At the same time KGLMO members have worked in cooperation with the forestry division, DLNR enforcement officers, L.I.F.E., Leeward Watershed, homesteaders, and other stakeholders and community organizations and persons authorized by DHHL to access the Forest.  It also facilitates use by the Boy Scouts and other educational organizations to have the opportunity to see, learn about and enjoy this beautiful, unique and special place. 

As an important part of promoting security, KGLMO also screens its own members in order to ensure that only qualified persons participate.  It accomplishes this by requiring that each prospective member obtain and maintain a current Hawaii hunting license, which requires a Federal and State background check, finger printing and statements under oath that they have not committed any crimes. 

KGLMO also maintains a roster of all members and other persons who are authorized to go to the Forest.  This helps to monitor and keep track of those persons authorized to be in the Forest. This promotes both safety and security.  In addition, KGLMO maintains a Web Site which provides a publicly accessible resource with which to help manage access to the Forest lands.  It also provides public information about KGLMO member activities in the Forest, including dates for work parties and photos of work parties.  

KGLMO also provides important insurance coverage for protection against potential liability, both through private sources, and through required NRA membership of members, in order to protect the safety of members and others who might suffer injury.  In addition, each member, as well as any guest, is required to sign a Release and Waiver in which he/she waives any and all legal claims of liability against DHHL, Ka O hana O Kahikinui (KOOK), KGLMO and L.I.F.E.  These precautions provide important protections against any case of potential legal liability. 

KGLMO Member Contributions that Benefit the Forest and Homesteaders

Maui citizens who join and participate as members of KGLMO do this out of love for Kahkinui.  KGLMO members perform voluntary, and not-for-profit, work and contribute literally thousands of “man-hours” of work and tens of thousands of dollars in materials and equipment in order to help protect and preserve the Forest and to help the homesteaders.  The club charges its members annual dues and requires a labor commitment of each member to participate in work parties in the Forest. Dues are used mostly to provide materials for fencing, clearing, repairs and other activities. Because KGLMO members are Maui residents and because some members work construction, they have been able to obtain many “in-kind” donations worth tens of thousands of dollars of materials and equipment to help protect and preserve the Forest.  For example, members have created water catchment systems, planted trees, created “exclosures” to protect rare fora and fauna, engaged in weed control, and helped with invasive animal removal, such as wild cats, mongoose, rats, stray, wild dogs, culling feral animals, etc.  KGLMO members live on Maui, the Forest is part of their Aina as well; its members are proud to do what they can and work to help protect Kahikinui.  

KGLMO’s work and contribution to the Forest does not depend upon making a profit or upon gaining funding grants or other of fund raising activities.  Its financing is provided voluntarily, by the members of KGLMO to support the moku o Kahikinui.

The voluntary members of KGLMO have made substantial contributions to help preserve the Forest.  Work parties are conducted every month and last all day. These are well organized work days, supervised by a member with extensive experience and knowledge of the Forest. Over the past 23 years KGLMO members have contributed their own labor of  over 22,000 man-hours in the Forest. In order to get an idea of the value and magnitude of their labor contribution, this works out to be approximately $220,000.00 in real value contributed, calculated at a rate of $10.00/hour.  $10.00 per hour is a very reasonable rate, considering the cost of labor today. Hopefully, this provides a realistic idea KGLMO member commitment and of the value and extent of KGLMO member contributions to support the Forest and DHHL goals, as described in the Plan.  Another recent fairly example: On January 12, 2013 over 30 KGLMO members and guests worked over 250 man-hours in the Forest.  250 hours of labor donated by KGLMO members at a much more realistic rate of $20.00/hour = $5,000 in value donated, in one day by KGLMO members.  Member work activities included cleaning and restoring trail access, fence inspection, repair and installation of fencing enclosures, maintenance and grounds clearance.  Member work team leaders keep on-going track of what needs to be done, in order that member work days and work-parties will maximize their efforts and contributions. Areas are fenced to protect the natural, and rare flora and fauna from destruction by animals.  Trash bags and garbage from trespassers that were found were removed, stone trail markers were built and repaired (very important for safety), clogged watering stations for birds were inspected and cleared. The caring for the bird habitat in the Forest is essential and singled out in the Plan to be a very important goal.

The Plan says that “…native birds such as the ‘apapane, amakihi, and pueo”… should be protected and re-established as part of the natural balance of the echo-system in the Forest.  At paragraph II. the Plan says:  “It will be important to consider the birds as part of the whole of Kahikinui”, not as separate from the forest.   It goes on to say: “…the birds and their interactions with the forest pants and insects, will best provide for a continued, rich and healthy native forest in Kahikinui.”  Paragraph II. The ancient Native Hawaiians knew this and protected this important echo-balance by very effective protection of the Forest.

There are many statements like the above in the Plan; reflecting what it refers to as the guiding principle of the Plan to be the “Ahupua’a Concept” of community-based forest management

All members and prospective members must participate in work parties and learn the Forest before they are accepted for membership and allowed to go into the Forest. 

For Profit Company Activities not Consistent with Goal of Kahikinui Restoration Plan

In March of 2018, KGLMO Board members learned that a private company is being allowed to go into the Forest and harvest animals, for profit, from the Forest.  Is this a taking from the Forest that is consistent with the non-profit, sustainable living and Forest protection goals, which have been carried out by not-for-profit community organizations and other persons, as stated in the Plan, first back in 1994, and as required by the Kahikinui Forest Partnership Working Group Plan?  Are animal hunts and harvesting by “for-profit” companies in the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui, consistent with the stated goals of DHHL in the Plan?  

The “hunting club” described in the Plan is responsible for supervision of “all hunting within the Kahikinui Forest Reserve”, as specifically provided in the Plan.  This for-profit hunting is a violation of the requirements stated in the Plan.  Someone seems to be permiting a for-profit company to engage in hunting activities in the Forest without approval , or coordination with KGLMO.  This is a clear violation of the Plan and its intent to provide for safe and secure management of the Forest, for the primary interest of the beneficiaries of DHHL’s trust responsibilities to native Hawaiians and the homesteaders.  Has DHHL forgotten the requirements it stated in its own Plan?  The goal of the Plan is to restore the Ahupua’a of Kahikinui back its former natural splendor and to protect its forests, Heaiau, Ahu and Kanu’ana, in order that Na Kanaka Maoli can once again live on this land in harmony, peace and balance, with Pono?  What has for-profit hunting in the Forest got to do with this goal? And, is it Pono?

History regarding LEEWARD HALEAKALA RESTORATION provided by LIFE

Chronology of Auwahi district

late 1800s

Lennox (1967) wrote, "In the last half of the century cattle raising as a ranching enterprise gained headway and undergrowth, particularly pukeawe and `a`ali`i, was destroyed by fire to make way for imported forage grasses. Natural reproduction came to an end for many species."

1887-1912

Hosmer (1912) writes of vegetation in adjacent Kula districts, "belt of heavy forest with dense undergrowth in the Kula districts between the elevations of 3500 and 5000 feet...Gradually opened up by grazing until now it has practically disappeared save as its former extents can still be traced by dead stubs..."

1910

Joseph Rock first visits Auwahi, makes extensive collections, and remarks about its botanical value in his 1919 book, Indigenous Trees of the Hawaiian Islands.

1920-1921

Charles N. Forbes explores Auwahi, makes extensive collections, and provides some of the best early documentation of the area in his unpublished field notes.

1915-1945

The western portion of Auwahi is protected from cattle grazing by "nearly solid understory" of the weedy Mexican subshrub, Ageratina adenophora.

1939

After nearly 20 years absence, Joseph Rock returns to Auwahi and is reported to have wept at the deterioration of the Auwahi forest.

mid- to late 1940s

A biological control agent insect is introduced to control Ageratina. The program is successful and in conjunction with a drought, the weed is virtually eliminated.

late 1940s

Kikuyu grass is introduced into the former Auwahi forest to enhance its use as pasture

1967

Colin Lennox and The Nature Conservancy make the first attempt at conservation of Auwahi forests by constructing an exclosure. Due to lack of successful kikuyu grass control, the project is generally perceived as a failure, and the cattle are released back into the exclosure.

early 1980-present

The Native Hawaiian Plant Society (NHPS) builds eleven small exclosures to protect patches of native dryland trees at Auwahi.

1997-present

A multi-agency cooperative effort is made at an experimental dryland forest restoration project at a 10 acre exclosure in western Auwahi. Partners include 'Ulupalakua Ranch, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey (BRD-USGS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Native Hawaiian Plant Society (NHPS), Living Indigenous Forest Ecosystems (LIFE), and the public of Maui. The success of this first exclosure leads to a second exclosure of 20 acres, that is currently being restored. At the same time, the Auwahi exclosures have become part of the Leeward Haleakala Watershed Restoration Partnership (LHWRP), an effort to restore forests on leeward East Maui, with a focus on koa (Acacia koa).

CONCERNS REGARDING “The Kahikinui Project”

The video below depicts our position statement and concerns regarding the irresponsible management of Kahikinui by the Department of Hawaiian Homelands in collaboration with one of the area’s non-profit organizations, Ka Ohana o Kahikinui. The Kahikinui Project is an illegal and illicit export of cultural property belonging to the heirs of Kamehameha III. The project offends Native Tenant rights and commercializes the natural and subsistence resources of the area. The homestead association non-profit of the area Ka Ohana o Kahikinui and the DHHL approved the right of entry for Kia Hawaii without consulting the beneficiary managed organizations of the area LIFE and KGLMO.

We created this video to communicate the consensus of many Kahikinui leaseholders, Kahikinui stakeholders as well as residents of Maui County and those across Ko Hawaii Pae Aina who have reached out with immense concern regarding The Kahikinui Project.

The concerns below have been drafted by Napua Hueu, and Kamalani Pahukoa. The Hueu family has 8 individuals waiting on the DHHL list for land parcel disbursement. The Pahukoa family has 25 individuals waiting on the DHHL list for land parcel disbursement. We are lineal descendants of the Ko’olau Moku and consider ourselves to be stakeholders in the health and well-being of the Kahikinui forest. This is not our Moku but this is our Mauna. Through examination of historical documentation and records of the area, and through participation in the forest working group that formed in April 2018 to address concerns regarding lack of leaseholder communication and the potential detriments to the forest by Kia Hawaii, we have concluded that:

The existing beneficiary established and beneficiary managed organizations can carry-out the ungulate removal needs and continue the reforestation efforts of Kahikinui.

The Kahikinui Project is a for-profit animal eradication platform that ultimately leads to the commodification of our subsistence resources. The exclusive right of entry granted to Kia Hawaii by KOOK and DHHL subsequently prohibits access of native tenants, preventing native tenant rights. This particular project is utilizing cause related marketing (geenwashing) to justify export of cultural property and their Big Island based work crew poses extreme and continued threat for invasive species contamination.

#1. We have concern about DHHL’s on-going mismanagement of our land trust. In 2015 there were more than 29,000 on DHHL wait list while half the distributed lands were being leased by big businesses and for-profit entities which provide income for the historically land-rich but cash-poor DHHL administration. The number of eligible DHHL beneficiaries awaiting residential leases totals more than 22,000 individuals statewide. [Published Oct 4, 2017]

#2. Ka Ohana o Kahikinui board and membership does not include all Kahikinui lease holders. The organization that provided The Kahikinui Project with permission is not made up of the entire group of Kahikinui DHHL lease holders. Extracted from the Ka Ohana o Kahikinui bylaws: Article 2.10 Board of Directors: The property and affairs of the corporation shall be covered by a board of directions consisting of 7 members. Article 2. 20 Meeting The board of directors shall have an annual meeting during the second quarter of each year, and may have additional meetings at such other times and places as appropriate. If necessary, meeting of the Board of Directors may be held by a telephone conference. Article 2.30 Quorum 4 Directors shall constitute a quorum. Article 5.50 Amendments of By-Laws The by-laws may be amended by 2 members. 4.15 Qualifications for regular membership Must reside in Kahikinui, Maui, Hawaii. Kia Hawaii failed to provide thorough community outreach efforts. If every Kahikinui DHHL lease holder was not made aware of the project, was not offered the opportunity to provided feedback on the project and did not approve the project, then you have not garnered support from every one of the Kahikinui beneficiaries and therefore you cannot state that the “community requested your help and is in support of your project”. Kia Hawaii, in future please consider following the outreach protocols; hold a public hearing regarding the proposed use of land for commercial purposes, at which hearing interested persons shall be afforded a reasonable opportunity to be heard. Public notice of the time and place of the hearing should be given at least once statewide and in the county in which the property is located. The notice shall be given not less than twenty days prior to the date set for the hearing. The hearing shall be held in the county and community in which the land is located. We know mainland developers with more community outreach protocol standards than Kia Hawaii.

#3. We have concern about the misconception that there was and is no beneficiary managed organizations for reforestation and ungulate control efforts in Kahikinui. There has been community conceptualized management plan that has been guiding the care of this forest for twenty years. Kahikinui Game and Land Management Organization [KGLMO] was formed by a Kahikinui beneficiary in the late 90s. They coordinate the Kahikinui hunting program to manage the ungulates through a coordinated hunting program and established as an organization to protect, preserve, and promote the rare and beautiful native flora and fauna of Kahikinui. Living Indigenous Forest Ecosystems [LIFE] has been an active organization since the late eighties formed by a Kahikinui beneficiary and has focused on reforestation and living ecosystems as a means to restore Kahikinui’s native habitat. They have conducted many projects over the last twenty years - its founder self-propagates native trees, coordinates out plantings and cultural protocol. The Kahikinui Forest Reserve Community Management Conceptual Plan is 24 pages of policies and procedures outlining the proper management of the Kahikinui forest by its own community, drafted by the Kahikinui Forest Partnership Working Group comprised of Kahikinui leaseholders. This plan was prepared for The Department of Hawaiian Homelands in 1995. Section 8 states: Ungulate displacement program can be accomplished by ground drives and hunts utilizing the game management club of KGLMO and the local community.

#4. We have concern about the ultimatums put forth by Kia Hawaii that - if their project is not funded I quote Kia Hawaii “The State will conduct eradication via aerial shooting and the animals will be left on the mountain and a valuable food resource wasted.” We very much recognize the need for the feral animals in Kahikinui to come down and out of the wao akua so it its permitted the time and space for new understory growth. We would expect and hold the State to providing outreach, notice and awareness of its intentions to execute aerial shooting and expect them to work with the community to consider an alternative option.

#5. We have concern with the fact that Kia Hawaii is a company based out of the Big Island. The Big Island is the epicenter of Rapid Ohia Death Fungal Disease with the heart of the infestation in lower Puna at 34,000 acres but impacts a total of 50,000 acres including Native ‘ohi‘a lehua forests cover approximately 865,000 acres of land across the state and are considered the primary species providing habitat for countless plants, animals and invertebrates. Rapid ʻŌhiʻa Death threatens the State’s tropical forests and delicate ecosystems and ultimately could jeopardize local water supplies and Hawaiʻi’s economic vitality According to their Kickstarter website, Kia Hawaii published on March 15th that.. “Our policy is that invasive species are a part of everyday life in Hawaii and always will be. We understand their removal is sometimes necessary to increase the likelihood of native species thriving and, if they need to be removed, there should be efforts made to utilize them.” To date Kia Hawaii has yet to provide a sufficient policy on invasive species management or their decontamination procedures. Regardless if every piece of equipment stays on the island of Maui, it is standard protocol for conservation groups to have policy language addressing invasive species management. The fact that you cannot just bring back a 200 year old Ohia tree once its gone is the biggest concern to me. In allowing a company based out of the big island with multiple members of their crew living there to come into our Ohi’a forest, we feel that Kia Hawaii may be outright risking the health of our established forest in lieu of influencing this need for new reforestation. The new Ohi’a trees will not be worth anything if the established Ohi’a trees fall susceptible to ROD. We very much understand the need for the feral animals to be removed from the upper forest however we believe that Kia Hawaii comes with more risk than reward and is not the right entity to be carrying out the community needs for ungulate removal and reforestation efforts. We believe the local community of Maui is qualified and possesses everything it needs to carry-out these initiatives.

#6. We have concerns that Kia Hawaii may be greenwashing the public. Definition of Greenwashing: Disinformation disseminated by an organization so as to present an environmentally responsible public image.

#7. We have concerns that Kia Hawaii’s concept may be commodifying Maui’s wild food sources and threatening access to these natural resources. A right to food-based analysis study in 2009 was applied to five cases: Pohnpei, maasai, awajún, inga and inuit where information was gathered through supplementary questionnaires and interviews. Titled, “Human rights: Implications of Indigenous Peoples’ food systems” the main findings were that commercial and development activities on indigenous lands and territories pose a threat to indigenous Peoples’ food systems and livelihoods, and thereby their right to food; and encroachments on indigenous Peoples’ lands threaten their food security and nutritional health, and may lead to conflicts and culture loss.

#8. We have concerns about Kia Hawaii’s Large Animal Mortality Composting process. According to their Kickstarter website, Kia Hawaii has stated that: “We have not been able to find any studies on carcasses left in restoration areas and their impact on native flora and fauna.” According to the Waste Stream Consultant that contributed research for the Venison to Market Feasibility Study funded by Maui County in 2014. It was concluded that Maui County was not equipped to deal with large animal mortality compositing in a commercial capacity.

#9. We have concern with The Kahikinui Project’s cause related marketing angle which portrays and labels DHHL lease holder recipients of the meat distributions as “families in need”. Cause-related marketing is a mutually beneficial collaboration between a for-profit entity and a nonprofit designed to promote the for-profit entities sales and reputation and promote the non-profit’s cause. Although cause-related marketing may do a wonderful job in collecting funds or benefits for the affiliated charities, it should not be forgotten that social causes, in desperate need of funding, may venture into partnerships that are far from equal and sometimes hold the potential of harming more than helping it. Because cause-related marketing is driven by the need to increase a firm's return on its investment, it goes without saying that causes are not always selected on the basis of the potential good that can be achieved but, rather, on the free publicity and increased sales a particular affiliation might bring to a company.

#10. We have concern with The Kahikinui Project’s overall lack of correspondence and transparency. We requested on March 8th by email and have yet to receive any of the following from either Kia Hawaii or Ka Ohana o Kahikinui: Minutes from all of the board and general membership meetings that Jake Muise [Kia Hawaii] attended. A copy the agreement exchanged between Kia Hawaii and Ka Ohana o Kahikinui. A copy of Kia Hawaii’s temporary right of entry. Kia Hawaii’s policies on invasive species management and control. Kia Hawaii’s gear decontamination procedures. Kia Hawaii’s cattle deboning method and process. Kia Hawaii’s large animal mortality composting process. Kia Hawaii’s position on how the helicopter claw cow transport is humane. These are just eight of many more concerns we have and that have been communicated by our neighbors and lahui across Ko Hawaii Pae Aina. Other concerns brought forward that we have yet to look into include that.. Kia Hawaii’s business model seems dependent on the eradication of wild food sources and threaten food security. Kia Hawaii may have been extracting cattle from the Kahikinui forest before its temporary right of entry was activated. Kia Hawaii may be profiting off of the animals removed from Kahikinui. Kia Hawaii may be exposing the Kahikinui Forest to Rapid Ohia Death Fungus Disease which currently has no known prevention or control mechanism. Please do not misinterpret the pressures we’ve applied for transparency and accountability as hatred. We appreciate the messages that have been sent our way from people across Hawaii expressing their gratitude for our diligence in attending the recent community meetings, forest plan working groups, facilitating relevant discussions and time spent researching these concerns that have lead us to this effort of garnering further awareness and solutions. Kahikinui has the organized members, resources and intelligence to self-manage.

#11. We have concerns of Criminal behaviors exhibited by Ka Ohana o Kahikinui, the incident’s details can be referenced by Maui Police Department Report #19-027953, in which KOOK’s Secretary Angel Kamaka commits criminal property damage to the vehicle owned by Kua Hawaii organization administrator Napua Hueu.



CITED RESOURCES

http://www.governing.com/topics/healt... DHHL Wait list count. [Oct 2017] http://america.aljazeera.com/articles... HAWAII REVISED STATUTES CHAPTER 183C CONSERVATION DISTRICT https://dlnr.hawaii.gov/occl/files/20... Kahikinui Community, A brief history. http://www.environment-hawaii.org/?p=... Community Outreach Protocols. http://hawaii.gov/dlnr/chair/meeting/... Rapid ‘Ohi’a Death. https://cms.ctahr.hawaii.edu/rod/RESE... Human rights: Implications of Indigenous Peoples’ food systems. http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3144e/... Commodification of food. www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/3/442/pdf Venison to Market feasibility Study, Maui County. http://tdp.org/faith/ Cause-Related Marketing http://csrn.camden.rutgers.edu/newsle... Adkins, Sue. Cause-related Marketing: Who cares Win (Oxford, Auckland, Boston, Johannesburg, Melbourne, New Delhi: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000) Monbiot, George, "Cause-Related Marketing is a new form of social control," The Guardian, July 31, 2001, pp. 1-2. Polonsky, Michael and Greg Wood, "Can Overcommercialization of Cause-Related Marketing Harm Society?" Journal of Macromarketing, Vol. 21, No. 1, June 2001, pp. 8-22.



RELATIVE DHHL ISSUES STATEWIDE Aug. 5 2019 article:   Department of Hawaiian Home Lands land deal under fire

RELATIVE DHHL ISSUES STATEWIDE Aug. 5 2019 article: Department of Hawaiian Home Lands land deal under fire

CRIMINAL ACTIVITY BY DHHL Homestead Association Secretary

July 16, 2019

Mr. Randy Awo
Dept. of Hawaiian Homelands | Maui Commissioner

cc: Cedric R. Duarte, DHHL Information & Community Relations Officer

Mr. Randy Awo,

This letter is a follow up to my multiple testimonies to the Department of Hawaiian Homelands persuading that communication help must be made to the Kahikinui Homestead Association, poorly operating as Ka Ohana ‘O Kahkinui [KOOK]. They have repeatedly failed in representing the homestead association as a whole and now have further proven that they are unfit to conduct themselves adding criminal action to the greater leaseholder’s pool list of concerns regarding this homestead association.

On Monday July 9th, secretary of the KOOK board Angel Kamaka committed criminal property damage in the parking lot of Pukalani Superette, keying the truck of Alicia Hueu with proof of surveillance provided by the establishment. Hueu was among other prominent leaseholders requesting transparency and accountability of the KOOK board since early 2018 when it became aware that the KOOK board was leaving leaseholders out of important decision making processes. There are numerous emails and conversation threads captured from social media evidencing the history of conflict along with Angel’s admittance of the crime and threats to “do it again” and “whoop your ass”. Police report number of incident is #19-027953.

The discretion of this individual and subsequently the board she serves as Secretary for, is evidently clear now. We refuse to adhere to criminals for direction regarding the best management of Kahikinui. It may impress safety and well being to request the sanctioned and long standing steward oriented group, Kahikinui Game and Land Management Organization, reestablish Kahikinui Homestead Association accountability until a new homestead association is formed. We have no other choice but to form an alternate homestead association board.

Having covered this association carefully over a year and made frank observations and made public recorded testimonies, I expect an action step as this current situation has elevated the concerns to a level of criminal behavior. It would behoove you to reach out and assist this homestead immediately by assisting in reconstructing the board for a rightful, full homestead leaseholder reach.

All right of entries that were granted by this irrational board must be halted immediately. This request is made in reference to the Ka Ohana ‘O Kahikinui and not any other governing entities of Kahikinui homestead. We expect Kia Hawaii and American Electric right of entries to be null and voided immediately.

Below are photos and video for your review and to assist you in making swift decisions. Largest followed social media post of incident here: https://www.instagram.com/p/BzwA4acnN4O/?utm_source=ig_web_copy_link

Criminal property damage to Napua Hueu’s truck by Secretary of KOOK board, Angel Kamaka. (July 9th 2019) 6:30pm at pukalani superette.

Criminal property damage to Napua Hueu’s truck by Secretary of KOOK board, Angel Kamaka. (July 9th 2019) 6:30pm at pukalani superette.

Click here for  article by  Ben Gutierrez    - Hawaii News Now

Click here for article by Ben Gutierrez - Hawaii News Now

“Commodification of Culture: Notice of War Crimes”   Read the Farmers Voice Hawaii article

“Commodification of Culture: Notice of War Crimes” Read the Farmers Voice Hawaii article